A few years down the lane after the independence it was note that the number of tigers in our country was dwindling, in order to control it project tiger was started in 1973 to save the dwindling populations of tigers. All these years many tiger census where released but none spoke of the truth.
This in spite of the fact that the number of tiger reserves has tripled since Project Tiger began. The 2006 tiger Census reveals that:
- In 1972, a year before Project Tiger began there were 1,827 tigers in India.
- In 1997 the Tiger Census showed that there were 3,507 tigers.
- And in 2006 the official estimate of the number of tigers is 1,411 only.
A look at some broad trends
Tiger Sanctuaries like Corbett National Park in Uttaranchal and Bandipur, and Nagarhole in Karnataka are safe havens with the number of tigers in these areas remaining more or less the same.
Central and Western India was supposed to be a safe haven for tigers, but the latest Tiger Census shows that the number of Tigers in Madhya Pradesh have almost halved in the last five-six years.
Sanctuaries in Madhya Pradesh like Panna and Kanha and even Melghat in Maharashtra have witnessed a drastic reduction in the number of tigers.
- Today there are 28 tiger reserves in the country spread across 17 states.
- Central India once best habitat for tigers has noted sharp decline as per latest reports.
- New methodology for counting tigers was introduced in 2006 using camera traps.
- As per last census in 2002 tigers were estimated to be 3500.
- After poaching outbreak in Sariska all tigers were wiped out here.
What the states say?
2002 – 710
2006 – 300
2002 – 173
2006 - 45
2002 – 238
2006 - 103
2002 - 192
2006 – 95
2002 – 227
2006 – 26
Its high time we realize what is happening and come forward to protect our National animal. Its just like the proverb "Its better late than never". So at least now we should start doing things which must have been done years ago. I pray that these magnificent creatures live a longer life and don't go down with the animals that have extinct.